POLL Strategies

Personalized Oral Language Learning to support young Dual Language Learners and their families.


Funding for this project was provided by the David & Lucille Packard Foundation, First 5 California, California Department of Education, and California Department of Social Services

Contact the Language Learning Project


The POLL strategies were originally developed by early childhood experts Dr. Linda Espinosa, Dr. Carola Oliva-Olson, and Elizabeth Magruder. They were joined in the development of the toolkit by Dr. Sue Bredekemp and Whitcomb Hayslip. The developers wish to express their gratitude to the Early Childhood Education (ECE) community in Fresno, California for their dedicated work in the ongoing evolution of project.