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POLL Strategies

Personalized Oral Language Learning to support your infant, toddler & pre-school students and their families.

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This toolkit for implementing the Language Learning Project (LLP) is based on innovative practices to support young Dual Language Learners including Personalized Oral Language(s) Learning (POLL) strategies, which are concrete approaches that support learning in all environments for children birth to five years of age.

The POLL strategies were originally developed by early childhood experts Dr. Linda Espinosa, Dr. Carola Oliva -Olson, and Elizabeth Magruder. They were joined in the development of the toolkit by Dr. Sue Bredekemp and Whitcomb Hayslip. The developers wish to express their gratitude to the Early Childhood Education (ECE) community in Fresno, California for their dedicated work in the ongoing evolution of project.

Funding for this project was provided by the Dual Language Learners Professional Development Grant, California Department of Education, Early Learning and Care Division from the Child Care and Development Fund.

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Toolkit for Implementing the Language Learning Project

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Acknowledgments

Special thanks to Dr. Linda Espinosa, Dr. Carola Oliva-Olson, and Elizabeth Magruder. They were joined in the development of the toolkit by Dr. Sue Bredekemp and Whitcomb Hayslip. The developers wish to express their gratitude to the members of the Early Childhood Education (ECE) community in Fresno, California for their dedicated work in the evolution of this project.